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Building Home WI-FI

Posted: Tue Nov 23, 2021 9:36 pm
by Clong2013
Hello everyone,

I am new to this community and found the Facebook Group which brought me to this website. Anyway, I am currently in a rural area near two lakes and only get around 2 bars on my AT&T service. The download speed is roughly about 2-3mbps on a good day sometimes less than 1mbps both download and uploads. It’s bad enough where iMessages struggle to send unless I am connected to WI-FI. My WIFI provider is CenturyLink and it is DSL at a cap speed of 3mbps.

There are zero internet providers, cable, fiber or anything that offers service in our area. I have tried T-Mobile Home Internet and same issue. I want to purchase an external antenna that can increase my speeds to at least something around 25mbps+ range if not more!

I have attached the map of my house and the nearest AT&T tower and another attachment with that tower information. What hardware do I need to setup a home Wi-Fi network using AT&T tower and unlimited data? What is the best external antenna to use when I have trees surrounding the area?

Thank you!

Re: Building Home WI-FI

Posted: Wed Nov 24, 2021 10:48 am
by Didneywhorl
Welcome!

You could add an antenna to the Tmobile home internet. This one is perfect as it has all 4 antenna ports: https://thewirelesshaven.com/shop/anten ... onnectors/

For ATT, the current thing is the AT unlimited ipad plan, you can get it as a stand alone plan. It is not the same as the "Unlimited for iPad".

For hardware, all of the router bundles on thewirelesshaven will work both with outdoor antennas if you do need them, and with the ATT tablet plans.

https://thewirelesshaven.com/product-ca ... r-bundles/


I like the NEX5GO-GO with MC7411 for a good all round unit that is pretty budget friendly. The NEXQ6GO if you want a lower price bundle. The NEXP1GO router with a higher end modem has been my gigabit ethernet go to that can be powered via PoE.

If that is all total greek, then just head to the router bundles and pick the one that matches your budget. That's the simplest. They can also assemble and pre-configure it for you if you add it to your bundle.

Putting it together with all the info here on this forum isn't hard though. For now ATT seems to be the easiest there is.

Re: Building Home WI-FI

Posted: Wed Nov 24, 2021 12:29 pm
by MattB29
I suggest before buying anything that you do a lot of research. For one is to understand the terms so that confusion is minimized. It also can save you money in the end.

You might set up a home Wi-Fi but that is simply a short range setup from a wireless router at your home. It does not supply you a internet connection. Getting an internet provider requires either a wired or wireless modem. Since you are looking into having a wireless internet provider you can either use a cell phone, or a standalone device like a mobile hotspot, or the wireless modem/router with WiFi.

I will assume your present speeds from AT&T that you mention is on your phone. While that tells you that you can get AT&T signal it really may not tell much without knowing the quality of the phone and its modem. From your post I notice that it says Band 12 this is something to keep in mind. AT&T wireless has several bands and also width of bands to deal with. Band 12 is a lower frequency band and tend to be easiest to pick up. However because it is most common it is also the slowest usually due to congestion.

Wireless modems are rated by Cat numbers (Cat 4, 6, 18 and such) Higher Cat numbers provide higher speed possibility generally, total Bands receivable and CA (carrier aggregation) also. Along with that is MIMO which determines numbers of antennas used. Such as 2 or 4.

You might find it easiest to test the waters at your place by buying a simple mobile hotspot and a prepaid data plan. Both AT&T and Cricket offer these for a reasonable amount.

Re: Building Home WI-FI

Posted: Wed Nov 24, 2021 12:52 pm
by gscheb
Would try to get the T-Mobile home internet to work. It is legit and truly unlimited.

Re: Building Home WI-FI

Posted: Wed Nov 24, 2021 6:25 pm
by Dr-BroadBand
Some excellent advice posted.

Antenna selection can be an art form, with a lot of trial and error and cash.

Do your homework, keep your cables very short!

What iPhone 📱 are you using?

See link for clues
https://youtu.be/xzqkoPL9t9A

https://youtu.be/IddB63xWT7A

https://youtu.be/wXSpbP8NuWw

Re: Building Home WI-FI

Posted: Thu Nov 25, 2021 10:30 am
by MattB29
I may be misreading the OP. But it seems to say he can not get T-Mobile at his location. I also did not see any mention of phone type.

Re: Building Home WI-FI

Posted: Thu Nov 25, 2021 1:00 pm
by Dr-BroadBand
“ I have tried T-Mobile Home Internet and same issue”

There are tricks to get the t-Mobile gateway to work better.

Opening it up to add pigtails to an external antenna.

Replacing the wall wart switching power supply with a better quality power supply can help with the Signal to noise.

Re: Building Home WI-FI

Posted: Thu Nov 25, 2021 7:06 pm
by mtl26637
In situations like yours I think the ultimate goal would be to get an external antenna up as high as you possibly can. Best bet is above the tree line with direct line of site to the tower. In determining which antenna I would start with the provider and cellmapper. Use cellmapper to get an idea of the available bands from your specific carriers tower and then you will know which bands/frequencies you are after. Your speeds are going to depend on the distance to the tower and the obstacles in between which affects the most important parameter noise (SINR). It all depends on budget and effort. Best case scenario would be an external enclosure with modem inside mounted outside with an external antenna.

Re: Building Home WI-FI

Posted: Thu Nov 25, 2021 8:35 pm
by Dr-BroadBand
See link of an example of a PoE enclosure.

https://youtu.be/-SbNkn1161s

https://youtu.be/WMhEMOqNNwQ

Re: Building Home WI-FI

Posted: Sun Nov 28, 2021 5:47 pm
by Labilis
Dr-BroadBand wrote:
Thu Nov 25, 2021 1:00 pm
Replacing the wall wart switching power supply with a better quality power supply can help with the Signal to noise.
Do you have any power supplies you would recommend?